Core Teachings of the Gita

  • The Goal and the Way
    • The goal of the Bhagavad Gita is to enable a person to live as a good human being and to face all situations in life with poise outside and peace inside.
    • This is done by a unique method of combining self-control, forbearance, kindness and knowledge, with a good dose of devotion to God.
  • Four Core Teachings (From Chapter 12 verses 3,4)
    • सन्नियम्येन्द्रियग्रामं – Keep the senses and mind under control
    • सर्वत्र समबुद्धयः – Maintain equanimity in all situations
    • सर्वभूतहिते रताः – Engage in the welfare of all living beings
    • अव्यक्तं पर्युपासते – Understand God to be the Pure Consciousness behind the Universe and the living beings

You try your best for the first three. God will take care of the last one. (10.10,11, 12.6,7)

  • सन्नियम्य इन्द्रिय ग्रामं – Keep the senses and mind under control
    • The quality of your life depends on the quality of your mind. A mind under control is like a friend. A mind not under control is like an enemy. (6.5,6)
    • You cannot directly control the random thoughts in the mind. But you can decide whether to pursue the thoughts or not. (2.62)
    • Practice moderation in food, rest, work, etc. (6.16)
    • Psychological dependency on people, objects and situations comes by repeatedly thinking about them. Such attachment will lead to psychological problems like lust, greed, anger, arrogance, jealousy and delusion. Avoid these binding thoughts. (2.62,63)
    • How? Fill the mind with positive thoughts, stories in the life of saints and devotees, glories of God, name of God, etc.
  • सर्वत्र सम बुद्धयः – Maintain equanimity in all situations
    • Life will have ups and downs. There will be pleasure, pain, gain, loss, success, failure, fame, infamy, etc. (2.14, 2.38)
    • What you face now is the result of some of your current effort and some of your past actions. What you will face in future will be influenced by your current actions. You are the maker of your destiny. You get exactly what you deserve. Accept adverse life situations without complaining and do things differently next time. (2.47,48)
    • Do your duty and be ready for any situation. (6.1)
    • Accept success with humility and failure with dignity.
    • How? Do all actions as offerings to God and accept all results as gifts from God.
  • सर्व भूत हिते रताः – Engage in the welfare of all living beings
    • Do not intend harm to any living being. Avoid harm as much as possible. (17.14)
    • Help other human and living beings as much as possible.
    • Serve the underprivileged people, without expecting anything in return, to get basic necessities like food, shelter, clothes, education, health care, emotional support and dignified livelihood. (17.20)
    • Treat people and animals with kindness.
    • Take special care of children, aged and disabled people.
    • How? See God as the ultimate inner recipient of the service done to every living being. (5.29)
  • अव्यक्तं पर्युपासते – Understand God to be the Pure Consciousness behind the Universe and the living beings
    • It is God alone who appears as this Universe and all the living beings. (10.20)
    • God is the material out of which the whole Universe is made of. (7.4)
    • Everything has come from God, exists in God and will merge back into God.
    • God is the Pure Consciousness behind the Universe and the living beings. (13.3)
    • There is no real individuality. (18.20,21)
    • How? God can be seen as the whole Universe outside (including the body and mind) and as the Pure Consciousness within oneself.

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